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Gender a priority of the Argentine presidency of the G20

By www.g20.org

The transversal approach has allowed to introduce the gender vision in the debates of the different areas of work and has resulted in concrete advances in order to reach a true equitable and sustainable development.

With a people-centered vision, the Argentine presidency of the G20 has promoted a gender mainstreaming strategy in the work agenda of the last year . The objective, according to the document of the official vision , is the empowerment of women, the elimination of gender disparities in employment, science, technology and education, and protection against all forms of violence based on gender.

The transversal approach has allowed to introduce the gender vision in the debates of the different areas of work and has resulted in concrete advances in order to reach a true equitable and sustainable development.

The importance of the gender perspective was reflected, for example, in the consensus statement of the Third Meeting of Finance Ministers and Presidents of Central Banks, held in July in Buenos Aires and attended by more than 50 leaders of the Global economy.

There, it was agreed to support a comprehensive menu of public policies linked to the future of work , and countries were invited to “contemplate policies that promote the participation of women in education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, research, innovation, industry and entrepreneurship “.

At the same time, the menu refers to the reconciliation between motherhood and work: “Policies that facilitate the participation of women in the labor force by improving access to quality child care services or eliminating obstacles in some areas should be considered. tax systems so that the second breadwinner will work “.

A month earlier in Bariloche, the Communiqué of the Ministerial Meeting on Energy Transitions reaffirmed the commitment of the G20 countries “to promote universal access to energy with special emphasis on the need to eradicate energy poverty and guarantee gender equality in the entire supply chain. ”

The G20 agriculture ministers’ declaration , agreed at the end of July in Buenos Aires, refers to the potential opportunities and impacts of information and communication technologies (ICT), in particular, for women, small owners and family owners .

According to data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), there are 250 million fewer women in the world than men with Internet access. In addition, women represent barely 20% of graduates in ICT careers.

Given this panorama, the gender perspective had a prominent place during the Ministerial Meeting of Digital Economy, which took place in August in the city of Salta and whose final declaration includes an annex with proposals to reduce the digital divide between men and women . Among other obstacles to the digital integration of women, officials identified the lack of education, access barriers, costs and gender biases intrinsic to the sociocultural norm.

In the same sense, the joint declaration of the Ministers of Education and Employment of the G20, agreed in September in Mendoza, encourages the inclusion of women in all levels of education and, especially, in science, technology and mathematics programs. The document calls for “promoting the equal distribution of care tasks, reconciling work and family life, as well as improving the provision of child care services, in order to facilitate the continuation of studies and professional development.”

The Ministerial Declaration on Education, for its part, appreciates that the “Argentine presidency has placed gender equality and the empowerment of women at the center of its agenda”, although it recognizes that, despite the progress made, inequalities persist and Specific barriers to access to education for girls and women, and noted that access to safe learning environments at all educational levels is essential to achieve the empowerment of girls and women.

A similar call was made by the Employment Ministers, who in one document underlined the importance of women’s participation in the workplace and set a specific goal for the G20: reduce the gender gap to 25% by 2025.

The Development group, which met in September in Buenos Aires, agreed on proposals that contribute to narrowing the gender gap through the labor inclusion of women, such as the creation of inclusive and quality care centers for children, as well as access to health services for women, particularly during pregnancy and lactation.

These initiatives are complemented with those agreed in the declaration of the Ministers of Health of the G20, signed in October in Mar del Plata. The document dedicates a special section to the role of women and states that “actions must be taken to close the persistent health gaps between women and men,” which includes “better access to quality health care, as well as more equitable participation of the workforce in the health sector “.

During 2018, also, the official activities of the Task Force of Women Leaders in Business (BWLTF) began. The work area, whose creation was agreed at the Hamburg Summit in 2017, brings together women entrepreneurs from the G20 member countries with the aim of promoting the economic empowerment of women in all countries and income levels. In close collaboration with the affinity groups W20 and B20, he has formulated recommendations that will be raised before the sherpas of the G20 for approval during the next Leaders Summit in Buenos Aires.

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